It’s the most interesting thing, I think, when Christians talk about God’s justice. One of the first things people mention is the saying, “an eye for and eye”. This is found in the book of Leviticus.  “Anyone who maims another shall suffer the same injury in return: fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for […]


This week we are returning to one of Miroslav Volf‘s essays in his very good book, Against the Tide: Love in a time of petty dreams and persisting enmities. In his essay “Not Optimistic” Volf draws an important distinction between optimism and hope.  While both hope and optimism have to do with the future, and […]


You’ve heard them, the non apology apology. “I’m sorry my [words,actions,deeds] hurt your feelings.” “I’m sorry for any misunderstanding there may have been.” “I’m sorry you’re upset.” You’ve heard people say things like this. I’ve said things like this. You might have too. It’s almost an apology, but not quite. I have not really taken […]

Evil and Love

Should we ever call someone evil? What are we saying when we call someone evil?  These are some of the questions Miroslav Volf addresses in his essays “Evil and Evildoers” and “Demons or Evildoers” in his book  Against the Tide:love in a time of petty dreams and persisting enmities. Volf notes that some (moral expressivists) […]